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History and Facts of Alabama Counties

Alabama Counties were first created under the Mississippi Territory, and after that the Alabama Territory. The State of Alabama currently contains 67 counties.

The U.S. Congress, in April 1798, created the Mississippi Territory out of lands north of the 31st parallel formerly claimed by the colony of Georgia.

Congress created the Alabama Territory out of the eastern half of the Mississippi Territory on March 3, 1817.

The Alabama Territory lasted until December 14, 1819, when it was admitted to the Union as the State of Alabama.

List of Alabama Counties

Alabama is divided into 67 counties.

Boundary Changes of Alabama Counties

This Interactive Map of Alabama Counties show the historical boundaries, names, organization, and attachments of every county, extinct county and unsuccessful county proposal from 1818 to 1980.

List of Old Former / Extinct Alabama Counties

Alabama has counties that no longer are in existence. A lot of these counties were established and disbanded within the 19th century; county borders have modified very little since 1900 in the vast most of states.

The below Alabama counties no longer exist:

Baine County, Alabama

Created December 7, 1866 from BlountCalhounCherokeeDeKalbMarshall and St. Clair Counties. It was abolished December 3, 1867 and re-established as Etowah County on December 1, 1868.

Baker County, Alabama

Created on December 30, 1868 from AutaugaBibbPerry and Shelby counties. Renamed Chilton County on December 17, 1874.

Benton County, Alabama

Created on December 18, 1832 from former Creek Indian territory and named for Colonel Thomas Hart Benton. Its county seat was  Jacksonville.

It was renamed Calhoun County on January 29, 1858, in honor of John C. Calhoun of South Carolina. In June of 1900, The county seat was moved to Anniston.

Cahawba (Cahaba) County, Alabama

Created February 12, 1818 from Monroe and Montgomery counties. Renamed to Bibb County on December 4, 1820.

Cotaco County, Alabama

Created on February 6, 1818 as from created from land acquired from the Cherokee Indians by the 1818 Treaty of Turkeytown. The County seat was at Somerville. It was named for a creek that flows through it.

On June 14, 1821, the name was changed to Morgan County in honor of Gen. Daniel Morgan of Virginia, who fought in the American Revolutionary War.

Decatur County

Established on December 7, 1821 with Woodville as its county seat. It was named in honor of Commodore Stephen Decatur of the United States Navy.

Abolished / Dissolved several years later on December 28, 1825, divided between Madison County and Jackson County.

Elk County

Established by Mississippi Territory prior to Mississippi–Alabama split on May 9, 1817 with Woodville as its county seat. It was named for the Elk River.

Abolished / Dissolved a year later on January 26, 1818, prior to Alabama statehood.

Jones County, Alabama

Established on February 4, 1867 with land taken from the southern part of Marion County and the western part of Fayette County.

The County was named in honor of Fayette County resident E. P. Jones. On November 13, 1867, the county was abolished and the lands returned to Marion County.

Hancock County, Alabama

created on February 12, 1850 from part of Walker County. it was renamed Winston County on January 22, 1858.

Sanford County, Alabama

Created on October 8, 1868. It was named in honor of Commodore Stephen Decatur of the United States Navy. Sanford County was renamed to Lamar County on February 8, 1877.