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History and Facts of Georgia Counties

In 1777 the first Georgia counties were formed. However, they only covered a small part of the present-day area that is Georgia. Soon, more Native American land was acquired, leading to the formation of new counties.

Georgia was founded in 1732, as the last of the Thirteen Colonies and was named for King George II of Great Britain. Georgia originally consisted of 12 parishes at the time of the American Revolution. These parishes were St. George, St. Thomas, St. Mary, St. Philip, Christ Church, St. Matthew, St. Philip, St. David, St. Patrick, St. John, St. Andrew, St. James and St. Paul. Counties were not formed until 1777, covering at that time only a portion of Georgia’s present jurisdiction. Eventually as Native American land was acquired, new counties were created.

Georgia was admitted to the Union on January 2, 1788 as the 4th state.

The states bordering Georgia are Florida in the south, Alabama to the west, Tennessee and North Carolina in the north and South Carolina to the east.

Georgia contains 159 counties. Georgia originally consisted of 12 parishes at the time of the American Revolution. These parishes were St. George, St. Thomas, St. Mary, St. Philip, Christ Church, St. Matthew, St. Philip, St. David, St. Patrick, St. John, St. Andrew, St. James and St. Paul.

In 1777 the first Georgia counties were formed. They were Burke, Camden, Chatham, Effingham, Glynn, Liberty, Richmond and Wilkes Counties. The last county to be formed was Peach County in 1924.

List of Georgia Counties

Georgia is divided into 159 counties.

List of Old Former / Extinct Georgia Counties

Georgia has counties that no longer are in existence. A lot of these counties were established and disbanded within the 19th century; county borders have modified very little since 1900 in the vast most of states.

The below Georgia counties no longer exist:

?? County, Georgia

Created ? from ?. It was abolished ? and re-established as ? County on ?.

  • Campbell County: (Formed on Dec. 20, 1828
  • Parent Counties: Carroll CountyCoweta CountyDekalb County, and Fayette County – merged into Fulton Jan. 1, 1932)
  • Cass County: (Formed in 1832. Renamed Bartow County in 1861)
  • Milton County: (Formed on Dec. 18, 1857
  • Parent Counties: Cherokee CountyCobb County, and Forsyth County Counties – merged into Fulton County Jan. 1, 1932)
  • Old Randolph County: (Formed in 1807, renamed Jasper County in 1812)
  • St. George, St. Mary’s, St. Thomas, St. Phillip, Christ Church, St. David, St. Matthews, St. Andrew, St. James, St. Johns, and St. Paul parishes were all dissolved in 1777, and all of other counties were established later.
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Map of Georgia County Boundary Changes from 1821 to 1997

This Interactive Map of Georgia Counties show the historical boundaries, names, organization, and attachments of every county, extinct county and unsuccessful county proposal from the creation of Georgia in 1821 to 1997.

Fun Facts about Georgia Counties

County Name Facts

The County names:

  • 0 of them named for Native American words or people,
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Counties by Year

In 1777 the first Georgia counties were formed. They were BurkeCamdenChathamEffinghamGlynnLibertyRichmond and Wilkes Counties. The last county to be formed was Peach County in 1924.

  • ? County was the first county created on ?.
  •  The last county to be formed was ? County on ?.
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Facts for County Size

  • ? County (000 sq mi) is the largest county in Georgia.
  • ? County (000 sq mi) is the smallest county in Georgia.

Facts for County Population (2017 Est.)

  • ? County (000) is the most populated county in Georgia.
  • ? County (000) is the least populated county in Georgia.

Facts for Georgia Counties and Cities

Georgia’s 10 largest cities (2010) are:

  1. Birmingham (000) is in ? County and ? Counties
  2. Atlanta, Augusta-Richmond County, Columbus, Savannah, Athens-Clarke County, Macon, Roswell, Albany, Marietta and Warner Robins