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History and Facts of North Carolina Counties

North Carolina Counties – The Province of North Carolina, was organized in 1712. The State of North Carolina was created as the 12th state on November 21, 1789. States bordering North Carolina are GeorgiaSouth CarolinaTennessee and Virginia

English colonists established permanent settlements near the Chowan River and the Roanoke River in 1653. From 1663 to 1665 the area had the status of being an English proprietary colony. It was also the site of several battles, rebellions, and raids, which included: Culpepper’s Rebellion (1677), The Quaker-led Cary Rebellion (1708), The Tuscarora Indian War (1711 to 1713)

In 1664 the first North Carolina counties were formed. They were Albemarle County and Chowan County. The last counties to be formed was Avery and Hoke counties in 1924.

List of North Carolina Counties

North Carolina is divided into 100 counties.

List of Old Former / Extinct North Carolina Counties

North Carolina has counties that no longer are in existence. A lot of these counties were established and disbanded within the 19th century; county borders have modified very little since 1900 in the vast most of states.

The below North Carolina counties no longer exist:

?? County, North Carolina

Created ? from ?. It was abolished ? and re-established as ? County on ?.

  • Albemarle County: (Formed in 1664, divided into Carteret, Berkeley, and Shaftesbury precincts about 1668 and abolished in 1739 when precincts were declared counties.. Miscellaneous records from 1678-1737)
  • Bath County: Formed in 1696, divided into Archedale, Pamptecough, and Wickham precincts about 1705. Pampticough Precinct was renamed Beaufort Precinct in 1712,  Wickham Precinct became Hyde Precinct in 1712, and Archdale Precinct became Craven Precinct about 1712.  In 1739 the three precincts were abolished and were declared counties.
  • Bute County: (Formed in 1764, abolished in 1779. Records transferred to Warren and Franklin Counties)
  • Clarendon County: (Formed as an original County 1664 and abolished in 1667)
  • Dobbs County: (Established in 1758 from Johnston County, abolished in 1791. Divided into Glasgow and Lenoir Counties)
  • Glasgow County: (Formed in 1791 from Dobbs County, renamed Greene in 1799)
  • Tennessee County: (Formed in 1788 from Davidson County Tennessee County, ceded to the United States in 1790 as part of the Southwest Territory (later Tennessee)
  • Tryon County: (Formed in 1768 from Mecklenburg County, Divided into Lincoln and Rutherford Counties in 1779. Records transferred to Lincoln County)
  • Washington District: Ceded to the United States in 1790 as part of the Southwest Territory (later Tennessee)
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Map of North Carolina County Boundary Changes from 1664 to 1965

This Interactive Map of North Carolina Counties show the historical boundaries, names, organization, and attachments of every county, extinct county and unsuccessful county proposal from the creation of North Carolina from 1664-1965.

Fun Facts about North Carolina Counties

County Name Facts

The County names:

  • 0 of them named for Native American words or people,

Counties by Year

In 1664 the first North Carolina counties were formed. They were Albemarle County and Chowan County. The last counties to be formed was Avery and Hoke counties in 1924.

  • ? County was the first county created on ?.
  •  The last county to be formed was ? County on ?.

Facts for County Size

  • ? County (000 sq mi) is the largest county in North Carolina.
  • ? County (000 sq mi) is the smallest county in North Carolina.

Facts for County Population (2017 Est.)

  • ? County (000) is the most populated county in North Carolina.
  • ? County (000) is the least populated county in North Carolina.

Facts for North Carolina Counties and Cities

North Carolina’s 100 largest cities (20100) are:

  1. Birmingham (000) is in ? County and ? Counties
  2. Charlotte, Raleigh, Greensboro, Winston-Salem, Durham, Fayetteville, Cary, Wilmington, High Point and Greenville