History and Facts of Nevada Counties
Nevada Counties – The Nevada Territory, was organized on March 2, 1861. The State of Nevada was created as the 36th state on October 31, 1864. Nevada borders Arizona in the southeast, California, Idaho, Oregon and Utah.
It has 16 Counties and 1 Independent City.
Nevada was admitted to the Union on October 31, 1864 with eleven counties. In 1969, Ormsby County and Carson City were consolidated into a single municipal government known as Carson City.
Carson City, the state capital, is also an independent city, which doesn’t belong to any county. However, it has a similar status to that of the 16 counties in the state. Carson City used to be the county seat of Ormsby County, but the two were consolidated in 1969.
List of Nevada Counties
Nevada is divided into 16 counties.
|State||County||Created||Created From||Named For||County Seat||Disbanded / Renamed||Notes|
|Carson City County||24 May 2019||Consolidated with Ormsby County in 1969||The Carson River; named in turn for Christopher Houston (Kit) Carson (1809–1868), was a frontiersman, mountain man (fur trapper), wilderness guide, Indian agent, and U.S. Army officer during the Mexican-American War and American Civil War||Carson City|
|Churchill County||25 Nov 1861||Original county in the Nevada Territory||In honor of Sylvester Churchill (1783–1862), a captain in the War of 1812 and a major in the Mexican–American War||Fallon|
|Clark County||05 Feb 1909||Lincoln County||In honor of William A. Clark (1839–1925), former United States Senator from Montana, and builder of a railroad line through the area||Las Vegas|
|Douglas County||25 Nov 1861||Original county in the Nevada Territory||In honor of Stephen Arnold Douglas (1813–1861), former United States Senator from Illinois||Minden|
|Elko County||05 Mar 1869||Lander County||Shoshoni word meaning "white woman". It is said, among the very old Shoshoni, that this is where they first saw a white woman||Elko|
|Esmeralda County||Original county in the Nevada Territory||Esmeralda Mining District, named in turn for the legend that a massive amount of emeralds was buried in what is now Nevada. "Esmeralda" is the Spanish and Portuguese word for "emerald"||Goldfield|
|Eureka County||01 Mar 1873||Lander County||Greek expression "Eureka", meaning "I have found it!", in reference to deposits of silver found in the vicinity||Eureka|
|Humboldt County||20 Dec 1855||Original county in the Nevada Territory||Humboldt River, named in turn for Alexander von Humboldt (1769–1859), a German naturalist and explorer||Winnemucca|
|Lander County||19 Dec 1862||Original county in the Nevada Territory||In honor of Frederick W. Lander (1821–1862); a transcontinental United States explorer, a brigadier general in the American Civil War, a prolific poet, and developer of the area||Battle Mountain|
|Lincoln County||26 Feb 1866||Nye County and territory ceded by Arizona||In honor of Abraham Lincoln (1809–1865), the 16th President of the United States (1861-1865)||Pioche|
|Lyon County||25 Nov 1861||Original county in the Nevada Territory||In honor of Brigadier General Nathaniel Lyon (1818-1861), who was killed in action at the Battle of Wilson's Creek, Missouri on August 10, 1861||Yerington|
|Mineral County||10 Feb 1911||Esmeralda County||Mineral deposits in the area||Hawthorne|
|Nye County||16 Feb 1864||Esmeralda County||In honor of James W. Nye (1815–1876), a governor of the Nevada Territory and U.S. senator from Nevada||Tonopah|
|Pershing County||18 Mar 1919||Humboldt County||In honor of John Joseph (Black Jack) Pershing (1860–1948); he served as the commander of the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) on the Western Front in World War I, 1917–18||Lovelock|
|Storey County||25 Nov 1861||Original county in the Nevada Territory||In honor of Edward Farris Storey (1829–1860), a captain killed at Pyramid Lake in the 1860 Paiute War||Virginia City|
|Washoe County||25 Nov 1861||Original county in the Nevada Territory||Washo, a small Indian tribe that inhabits the area||Reno|
|White Pine County||02 Mar 1869||Lander County||The heavy growth of pine trees in the area, thought to be white pine||Ely|
List of Old Former / Extinct Nevada Counties
Nevada has counties that no longer are in existence. A lot of these counties were established and disbanded within the 19th century; county borders have modified very little since 1900 in the vast most of states.
The below Nevada counties no longer exist:
?? County, Nevada
- Bullfrog County was created in 1987 from a part of Nye County; abolished in 1989
- Carson County was created in 1854 by Utah Territory with jurisdiction over an area now in Carson City, Churchill, Douglas, Esmeralda, Humboldt, Lyon, Mineral, Pershing, Storey, and Washoe counties; abolished in 1861
- Humboldt County (old) was created in 1856 by Utah Territory with jurisdiction over an area now in Churchill, Elko, Eureka, Humboldt, Lander, and Pershing counties; abolished in 1861
- Lake County was created in 1861 as an original county; renamed Roop in 1862; annexed in 1883 by Washoe County
- Ormsby County was created in 1861 as an original county; combined with Carson City to form the independent municipality of Carson City in 1969
- Pah-Ute County was created in 1864 by Arizona Territory with jurisdiction over an area now in Clark County; abolished in 1871
- Rio Virgin County was created in 1869 by Utah Territory with jurisdiction over an area now in Clark County; abolished in 1872
- Roop County was Created in 1861 as an original county called Lake; renamed Roop in 1862; annexed in 1883 by Washoe County.
- Saint Mary’s County was created in 1856 by Utah Territory with jurisdiction over an area now in Elko, Eureka, and White Pine counties; abolished in 1861.
Map of Nevada County Boundary Changes from 1852 to 1969
This Interactive Map of Nevada Counties show the historical boundaries, names, organization, and attachments of every county, extinct county and unsuccessful county proposal from the creation of Nevada from 1852-1969.
Fun Facts about Nevada Counties
County Name Facts
The County names:
- 0 of them named for Native American words or people,
Counties by Year
Facts for County Size
- ? County (000 sq mi) is the largest county in Nevada.
- ? County (000 sq mi) is the smallest county in Nevada.
Facts for County Population (2017 Est.)
- ? County (000) is the most populated county in Nevada.
- ? County (000) is the least populated county in Nevada.
Facts for Nevada Counties and Cities
Nevada’s 10 largest cities (2010) are: