History and Facts of Maine Counties
Maine Counties – The District of Maine (Part of Massachusetts) was organized on 1778. The State of Maine was created as the 16rd state on March 15, 1820. States bordering Maine are New Hampshire in the west and Canada to the north. It has 16 Counties.
Before statehood, Maine was officially part of the state of Massachusetts and was called the District of Maine. Maine was granted statehood on March 15, 1820 as part of the Missouri Compromise. Nine of the sixteen counties had their borders defined while Maine was still part of Massachusetts, and hence are older than the state itself.
List of Maine Counties
Maine is divided into 16 counties.
|County||Created||Created From||Named For||County Seat||Notes|
|Androscoggin County||18 Mar 1854||Cumberland, Kennebec, and Lincoln Countes||Androscoggin Native American tribe||Auburn|
|Aroostook County||16 Mar 1839||Penobscot and Washington Counties||Native American word meaning "beautiful river"||Houlton|
|Cumberland County||28 Mar 1760||As Cumberland County, MA from York County||In honor of Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, son of George II of Great Britain||Portland|
|Franklin County||20 Mar 1838||Kennebec, Oxford, and Somerset Counties||In honor of Benjamin Franklin, a Founding Father, scientist, printer, and diplomat||Farmington|
|Hancock County||25 Jun 1789||As Hancock County, MA, from Lincoln County||In honor of John Hancock (1737–1793), the Founding Father and president of the convention that produced the United States Declaration of Independence||Ellsworth|
|Kennebec County||01 Mar 1799||As Kennebec County, MA from Lincoln County||Kennebec River in Maine||Augusta|
|Knox County||09 Mar 1860||Lincoln and Waldo Counties||In honor of Major General Henry Knox (1750–1806), from the American Revolutionary War and the first United States Secretary of War (1789 -1794), who lived in Thomaston, Maine||Rockland|
|Lincoln County||19 Jun 1760||As Lincoln County, MA from York County||The city of Lincoln, England||Wiscasset|
|Oxford County||04 Mar 1805||As Oxford County, MA from Cumberland and York Countes||Oxford, Massachusetts||Paris|
|Penobscot County||15 Feb 1816||As Penobscot County, MA from Hancock County||Penobscot Native American tribe||Bangor|
|Piscataquis County||23 Mar 1838||Penobscot and Somerset Counties||Abenaki word meaning "rapid waters"||Dover-Foxcroft|
|Sagahadoc County||04 Apr 1854||Lincoln County||Native American word meaning "mouth of big river"||Bath|
|Somerset County||01 Mar 1809||As Somerset County, MA from Kennebec County||The county of Somerset in England||Skowhegan|
|Waldo County||07 Feb 1827||Hancock, Kennebec and Lincoln Counties||In honor of Samuel Waldo, a Maine landowner and a colonial soldier in the 1745 Siege of Louisbourg||Belfast|
|Washington County||25 Jun 1789||As Washington County, MA from Lincoln County||In honor of George Washington, the first President of the United States (1789-1797)||Machias|
|York County||20 Nov 1652||As Yorkshire County, MA from the southern the District of Maine||In honor of James, Duke of York, later King James II of England||Alfred|
List of Old Former / Extinct Maine Counties
Maine has counties that no longer are in existence. A lot of these counties were established and disbanded within the 19th century; county borders have modified very little since 1900 in the vast most of states.
The below Maine counties no longer exist:
?? County, Maine
- Devonshire County: Devonshire County, District of Maine, Massachusetts Bay Colony was a short-lived county formed during the colonial territorial disputes between the Province of Massachusetts and the Province of Maine. The county existed from 1674 to 1675.
- Yorkshire County: created in 1639 from Colonial Lands,. It was renamed renamed York County in 1652
Map of Maine County Boundary Changes from 1713 to 1913
This Interactive Map of Maine Counties show the historical boundaries, names, organization, and attachments of every county, extinct county and unsuccessful county proposal from the creation of Maine from 1713-1913.
Fun Facts about Maine Counties
County Name Facts
The County names:
- 0 of them named for Native American words or people,
Counties by Year
Facts for County Size
- ? County (000 sq mi) is the largest county in Maine.
- ? County (000 sq mi) is the smallest county in Maine.
Facts for County Population (2017 Est.)
- ? County (000) is the most populated county in Maine.
- ? County (000) is the least populated county in Maine.
Facts for Maine Counties and Cities
Maine’s 10 largest cities (2010) are: